Vikram Sarabhai Death, Age, Girlfriend, Wife, Family, Biography and More – WikiBio
Vikram Sarabhai is an Indian cosmic ray scientist, astrophysicist, and industrialist who is internationally recognized as the “Father of Indian Space”. program. ‘ Vikram Sarabhai, best known for laying the foundations of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1962, died of cardiac arrest at Halcyon Castle, Trivandrum Kovalam, Kerala, India on December 30, 1971 .
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born on Tuesday 12th August 1919 (Age at death; 52 years old) in Ahmedabad, India. His zodiac sign is Leo.
Vikram was born into one of the most influential Indian families of the time, the “Sarabhai”, and grew up with seven siblings. His parents adopted the Montessori method of education to homeschool their eight children. After enrolment, he attended the Gujarat College of Arts and Sciences in Ahmedabad, where he studied for two years. Once, when he was a teenager, Vikram Sarabhai installed a steam engine and its tracks with the help of two engineers.
His passion for science was ignited by his parents, who created a full-fledged machine shop with lathes, drills, a foundry, and even Vikram’s lecturers. In 1937 he moved to England to study Tripos in Natural Sciences at St John’s College, Cambridge University. When World War II broke out in September 1939, his father demanded that he return home immediately, but his studies were interrupted worryingly. By then, Vikram had already majored in physics and mathematics, and was looking forward to a PhD at the University of Cambridge, UK. The famous Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore, a friend of the Salabhai family, wrote him a letter of recommendation to the authorities at Vikram Cambridge, saying:
He’s a young man with a strong interest in science…he comes from a wealthy and literate family…he’s a college fit. “
The University of Cambridge allowed him to complete his PhD thesis under the supervision of Indian physicist and scientist CV Raman at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore, India.
At IISc, he met Indian physicist Homi J. Bhabha. In 1942, he submitted his first scientific paper “The Time Distribution of Cosmic Rays” to the IISc. In 1945, he received a doctorate in cosmic rays and space science with the dissertation “Cosmic Ray Surveys in Tropical Latitudes”.
parents and siblings
Vikram Sarabhai was born to Indian industrialist, philanthropist and institution builder, Ambalal Sarabhai, founder of Sarabhai Group of companies, and Indian activist Saraladevi Sarabhai, who is the chairman of Videsh Kapada Bahishkar Samiti (Association for Boycott of Foreigners cloth).
Ambalal and Saraladevi have eight children together. Vikram’s eldest sister, Mridula Sarabhai, born in 1911, is an Indian independence activist and politician. Vikram’s sister, Mridullah, was arrested for taking an active part in the Quit India campaign launched in August 1942 to demand an end to British rule in India.
In 1912, Saraladevi gave birth to her second daughter, Bharati Sarabhai. Vikram’s eldest brother, Surhid Sarabhai, was born in 1913. Leena Sarabhai was the third daughter of Ambalal and Saraladevi, born in 1915. Vikram’s second brother, Gautam Sarabhai, the fifth child of Ambalal and Saraladevi, is an industrialist and businessman who succeeded his father as chairman of the company in 1945.
Following the birth of Vikram in 1919, Saraladevi gave birth to her daughter Gita Sarabhai in 1921. Gita was an Indian musician and one of the first female pakhavaj players.
Gira Sarabhai, the youngest of eight siblings, is an architect.
wife and children
In September 1942, Vikram Sarabhai married Mrinalini Swaminathan, a famous Indian classical dancer. Vikram Sarabhai and Mrinalini Sarabhai founded Darpana Academy of Performing Arts in 1949.
They have two children, a son named Kartikeya Sarabhai and a daughter named Mallika Sarabhai. Kartikeya Sarabhai is an environmental educator who was awarded the Padma Shri in 2012.
Following in her mother’s footsteps, Mallika Sarabhai specialized in classical dance. Besides being a dancer, she is also an actress and activist.
Indian psychoanalyst Sudhir Kakar mentioned Sarabhai’s fondness for Indian educator Kamla Chowdhary in her Book of Memory: Confession and Reflection (2011).
Karkar claims in her book that it was Sarabhai’s closeness with Chowdhury that led to the founding of the prestigious business school IIMA. Previously, Kamla Chowdhry worked at ATIRA as Head of the Department of Psychology. A young widow and friend of Sarabhai’s wife, Kamla Chowdhry impressed Vikram Sarabhai so much that he offered her a job at ATIRA, after which they began a romantic relationship. Their romance lasted twenty years. Eventually, Choudhury got tired of the complicated love triangle between her, Vikram and Vikram’s wife. The discomfort of this complicated relationship led her to consider a job at DCM in Delhi. Salabhai did his best to persuade Chaudhry to stay in Ahmedabad. cited book,
To keep Kamra in Ahmedabad, Vikram successfully lobbied the Indian government. As things worked out, the original collaborator of the UC Ahmedabad Institute withdrew the offer and replaced it with Harvard Business School. Vikram becomes IIM’s first director. Despite Kamra’s formal role as research director, Vikram never made major decisions about the running of IIM affairs without consulting her. “
After the book was published, Sarabhai’s daughter Mallika claimed that giving Kamra credit for establishing IIMA was an injustice to her father’s vision for a management school in Ahmedabad.
Vikram Sarabhai belongs to the Shrimal (Srimal) Jain community, an ancient Jain and Hindu community originally from Rajasthan.
set up an institution
- Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad (1947)
- Ahmedabad Textile Industry Research Association (ATIRA) (1947)
- Dapana Academy of Performing Arts (1949)
- Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad (1961)
- Indian National Space Research Council (INCOSPAR) (1962) (replaced by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969)
- Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum (1962)
- Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch Station (TERLS) (1963)
- Ahmedabad Centre for Space Applications (1972)
- Community Science Centre (later renamed Vikram A. Sarabhai Community Science Centre (VASCSC), Ahmedabad)
- Chairman of the Physics Section of the Indian Science Congress (1962)
- President of the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (1970)
- Chairman of the Indian Atomic Energy Commission (1966-1971)
- Vice-President of the Fourth United Nations Conference on “Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy” (1971)
After India gained independence from Britain on 15 August 1947, he started a charitable trust controlled by his family and friends to establish a research facility at The Retreat, Ahmedabad, near his home. He established ATIRA in 1947 to modernize the Indian textile industry. On November 11, 1947, his wish came true with the establishment of the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL). The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA) was established on 11 December 1961 with the contributions of many prominent Indian figures including Vikram Sarabhai, Indian businessmen Kasturbhai Lalbhai and Kamla Chowdhary. Vikram Sarabhai met Jacques Blamont, a pioneer of the French space research program, at the COSPAR (Council for Space Research) meeting in Washington in 1962, and shared with him all aspects of education through satellites for developing countries like India.
A true visionary, Sarabhai hopes to achieve the dual goals of entertainment and education by providing television to half a million villages in India. Its purpose is to bridge the language gap that divides India by providing one video channel and fourteen different sound channels on TV via satellite. This vision marks the beginning of India’s efforts to launch its first rocket. Sarabhai then persuaded Jawaharlal Nehru to set up a space research facility.
This led to the formation of INCOSPAR in 1962 to develop India’s space programme under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). In 1963, INCOSPAR decided to build India’s first rocket launch station TERLS at Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram on the Arabian Sea coast. The main reason for having the launch station at Thumba is because it is so close to the Earth’s magnetic equator. Indian civil servant and space scientist HGS Murthy becomes the first director of TERLS. Homi J. Bhabha, the father of India’s nuclear science program, helped establish TERLS. The church of Mary Magdalene in Thumba was turned into a workshop, while the bishop’s house adjacent to the church was converted into an office for scientific work.
Sarabhai, then chairman of the National Space Research Council, carefully selected young scientists and engineers who were trained to assemble and launch sounding rockets at NASA’s Wallops Island Launch Facility in Virginia, USA. Early new members include former president APJ Abdul Kalam, and senior scientist R. Aravamudan.
The sounding rocket system used for the launch was borrowed by NASA, and the payload was provided by CNES. Due to the country’s underdeveloped transportation system, rocket components and payloads are transported to the launch pad using bullock carts and bicycles.
After months of hard work, India’s first venture into space has turned into…
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