About Ajatasatru: King of the Magadha Empire (n/a – 0460)
Ajatasa (Ajatase; 492 BC to 460 BC or early 4th century BC) was the king of the Haryanka dynasty of Magadha, East India. He was the son of King Vipassara, a contemporary of Mahavira (Nigantana Pagoda) and Shakyamuni Buddha. He forcibly took the Magadha kingdom from his father and imprisoned him. He fought against the Vajji ruled by Lichchhavis and conquered the Vesali Republic.
Ajata followed a policy of conquest and expansion. He defeated his neighbors, including the king of Kosala; when his brothers were at odds with him, he went to Kashgar, which was given to Bin Bessara as a dowry. This led to the war between Magadha and Kosala. Ajatashatru occupied Kashgar and captured smaller kingdoms. Magadha became the most powerful kingdom in North India under the rule of King Ajatasatra.
He was the inventor of two weapons used in warfare, known as sage (Scythe Chariot) and Mahila Kantaka (engines for jetting big rocks).
Based on correlation with date Mahapasha AL Basham concluded that the Buddha died in 483 BC and dated Ajatashatru’s accession to 491 BC. He estimates that Ajatashatru’s first battle took place in 485 BC, while his second against Vajjis took place in 481-480 BC.this Sramana Sutra It is said that Ajata visited six teachers to hear their teachings, and finally to the Buddha, and it is estimated that the Basham incident took place in 491 BC.
Ajatashatru, also known as national flower, the son of Bimbesala.Ancient inscription in the government museum, Mathura calls him vaidehi putra Ajatashatru Kunika “The King of Ajata, the son of Wadehi.” Ajataka’s story can be found in Sanzang Buddhist and Jain Agamas. The records of Ajata’s birth are more or less similar in both traditions. According to Jainism, Ajataka was born of King Bimbisara and Queen Cherna. Buddhist tradition records that Ajataka was born in Vibisara and Sasala Devi. It is worth noting that in both traditions, both queens are called “Vaidehi”.
According to Jainism Nirvana Sutra, During her pregnancy, Queen Cherna had a strong desire to eat fried meat from her husband’s heart and drink liquor. At the same time, the very wise Prince Abhagumara, the son of King Bimbisara and Queen Nanda, blew up a wild fruit like a heart and gave it to the queen. The queen was very ashamed after eating it, for fear that the child would be unfavorable to the family when he grew up, so a few months after the child was born, the queen expelled him from the palace. . A rooster bit his little finger as he lay near the junkyard. King Vibissara learned that the child was thrown out, ran outside and picked it up, put the bleeding little finger in his mouth and sucked it until the bleeding stopped, and continued for several days until it healed.Because of the pain in the little finger of the child, so I took a nickname national flower “Finger Pain”.Later he was named Asokanda.
in Buddhism Atakatathe story above is almost the same except that Kosala Devi wanted to drink blood from Bimbisara’s arm; the king agreed to her, and later, when the child was thrown near the dump, his little finger grew out of an infection A boil, the king sucked it, and once while sucking it the boil burst in the king’s mouth, but out of love for his child, instead of spitting out the pus, he swallowed it.
Once Ajata was eating with his newborn son on his lap, his son suddenly urinated and some water dripped on his plate, but out of love for the child, he did not change the plate, but used his own handkerchief. Tower (cloth shoulders) and continue to eat from the same plate. After taking a small bite, he asked his mother Cherana, who was sitting in the same dining room, if she had ever seen a father as loving and caring as he was, and his mother told him about King Vibisara sucking Ajatase’s pinky finger. s story. It touched his heart and evoked his love for his father. He immediately picked up an axe and rushed to the prison, breaking all the chains himself to free his father. But when Bimbisara saw him coming with an axe in his hand, he thought, …So, he came to kill me. I better end my life with my own hands. he deleted it immediately Taraputa Get rid of drugs, close your eyes and sing “Kevli pannato Dhammam saranam pavajyami” (I converted to Keflin or omniscient Dharma) swallowed the poison and ended his life.
Ajatasha repented a lot, but to no avail.Ajataka then moved his palace to Champaign and made it the capital, as the previous palace reminded him of his grave mistakes.
There are different accounts of the death of King Vibisara in Buddhist texts.
In one version, Ajataka does not allow anyone to meet Bhimbisara in his smoky cell, except Kosala Devi. Ajataka wanted to starve him to death, as Devadatta said: “Father cannot be killed by a weapon.” So Kosala Devi used to go to the cell with a small food package and was caught by the guards, she started hiding the food in her hair Later, caught again, she started hiding food in her golden slippers, caught again, she applied 4 layers of honey to her body licked by the king. When she was captured again, Ajataka forbade Gansara Devi from meeting the king.Seeing that the king was still alive, Ajataka ordered the barber to stab the king’s leg with a knife, then poured salt, hot oil, and fire Kayla Wood on him. When this is done, the king is dead.
In another version, King Ajataseth imprisoned King Bimbisara and tried to starve him to death. Kosala Devi brought food to King Bimbisara, but was found and stopped visiting him. Vipassara became weak, but he was comforted by looking at the mountain where the Buddha and his disciples lived. So King Ajataseya asked to cover the windows of his cell so that King Vipassara could not see the mountain. One day, the Buddha visited the city, and Vipassara could see him and his disciples through the hole in his door. Because Vipassara saw the Buddha and his disciples, he was comforted and continued to live. Upon learning of this, King Ajatasahara ordered that Sahabara’s feet be stripped off. After speaking, King Vibisara could not move, and lay on the bed getting weaker and weaker.
Then one day, King Ajataseya ate with his mother, Kansara Devi. He has a son who is playing with a puppy. Ajatase asked, “Where are you now?” The prince replied, “I’m playing with the puppy.” King Ajatase invited the prince to dinner. The prince arrived, but did not want to eat. King Ajatasa asked, “Why don’t you want to eat?” The prince said, “If you let me and my puppy eat, I will eat it.” King Ajatasa said, “As you wish.” So the prince took After the meal, I also brought food to the dog.
King Ajatasat told his mother, ‘I have done a difficult thing. Why do I say that? I am a king and I eat with my dog because I love my son. The mother said: ‘It wasn’t difficult. Why do I say that? Some people eat dog meat, what’s so strange about giving it to dogs? Did you know your father did difficult things? Ajatashi asked, “What’s so difficult?” The mother said, “When you were young, your fingers were injured. You cannot sleep because of the pain. Your father holds you on his lap and sucks your fingers. Your father’s body is soft, so you can sleep well. Your wound is oozing pus from the warmth of his mouth. Your father felt that spitting up the pus would aggravate your pain, so he swallowed the pus. Your father did such a hard thing for you. Please release him.
When the World Honored Ajata heard this, he remained silent. Kosala Devi thought he had agreed to release his father, so the palace released the news. Everywhere in the city, I heard that Sapo Su was going to be released from prison, and they were all overjoyed to be imprisoned. ‘King Bimbisara will be released! When Viva Bharata heard this, he thought to himself: ‘My son is evil, do not pity me. I don’t know what else he would do to hurt me. Thinking of this, he committed suicide in front of the bed. (from the law)
War and victory over Vaishali
Ajatashatru of Magadha uses catapults against Licchavis.
Between 484-468 BC, the feud between Ajataka and Richard (the clan) led to the failure of the latter.
On one occasion, Queen Padmavati, the wife of Lord Ajata, was sitting on her balcony at night.She saw Halla and Vihalla kumaras sitting with their wives Sechanaka Elephant and one of his wives wearing a 18% off God necklace. Then she heard a maid in the garden below say, “It is Hara and Vihara Kumaras who enjoy the real pleasure of the kingdom, not the king,” and she thought, “What’s the use of the kingdom if I don’t have two jewels? my property?”
So she shared the idea with Ajataka that night and became too insistent on her request. Ajataka finally agreed and asked his brothers to give him the elephant and the necklace. His brothers both denied that these gifts were given by their dear father, why should they be separated? Ajatāsattva made a request three times, but received the same reply three times. This annoyed him so much that he sent people to arrest them. Meanwhile, Halla and Vihalla kumaras took the opportunity to escape to their maternal grandfather. Chetaka He was the king of the great kingdom of Vajjis/Lichchavis. Ajatashatru gave Chetaka three notices to hand them over, but Chetaka refused.
This was enough for Ajataka.He called his half-brother Kara Kumaras (10 kalakumaras, born of King Bimbisara and 10 Kali Queens Kali, Sukali, Mahakali etc.) Merge their army with his army, because King Ajataseth knew very well that Vishri had been invincible in the past and he alone could not defeat it. Each Karakumala brought 3,000 horses, 3,000 elephants, 3,000 chariots and 30,000 infantry.Chetaka, on the other hand, invited his allies 9 Mara, 9 Lichhvis and 18 Kasi-Kosala Kings Fight with his grandson Ajataka. All these kings carried 3,000 horses, 3,000 elephants, 3,000 chariots and 30,000 foot soldiers. So in total there are 57,000 elephants, 57,000 chariots, 57,000 horses, 570,000 infantry.
The war has begun. King Chetaka was a devout follower of Lord Mahavira, and he vowed to shoot no more than one arrow a day in war. Chetaka is known to have perfect goals and his arrows are impeccable. His first arrow killed Karakumala, the commander of an Ajata Buddha. exist…
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